Common Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes

"Nurturing yourself is not selfish - it is essential to your health and well-being."

Renee Peterson Trudeau

Common Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors

There are a number of risk factors for Type 2 diabetes.   If these apply to you – contact me to make changes to your lifestyle now:

  • Weight – Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. A BMI of over 25 increases your risk and a BMI over 30 becomes high risk (NHS guidelines).
  • Fat distribution – If your body stores fat primarily in your abdomen, your risk of type 2 diabetes is greater than if your body stores fat elsewhere, such as your hips and thighs. Waist measurements of over 102 cm for Males and 88 cm for females are classified as high risk (NHS guidelines). Waist measurements are taken between the area above our hip bone and below our ribs (not your trouser waist!)
  • Inactivity – The less active you are, the greater your risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin, as well as many more physiological and psychological benefits.
  • Family history – The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
  • Race – Although it’s unclear why, people of certain races — Black African, African-Caribbean and South Asian origin, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white origin people.
  • Age –  The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45. That’s probably because people tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age. But type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescents and younger adults.
  • Prediabetes – A condition in which your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. NHS guidelines to determine pre-diabetes are currently via an HbA1c blood test with a reading between 42-47 mmol. If your reading is in this bracket, you are at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.

 

If you feel any of these risk factors apply to you. Contact me now to create a lifestyle action plan to make permanent changes to your health and wellbeing.

Healthy eating

Additional information

How can you tell if you have diabetes type 2 via NHS

Information about what foods to eat via diabetes.org.uk